Autumn 2010 – Volume 19, No. 4

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Featured Article:

But he has nothing on at all!”: Canada and the Iraq War, 2003

Timothy A. Sayle

Abstract: In March 2003, Canada abstained from participating in the invasion of Iraq. Despite international pressure from Canada’s close allies, the United States and Great Britain, and against the urging of some domestic lobby groups and the Official Opposition, Prime Minister Jean Chrétien chose not to provide military or political support for the invasion. Chrétien’s decision was a controversial one, but one made early in the crisis and before the outbreak of war. Although Canadian public opinion and the professional advice of Canadian diplomats and intelligence officials counselled against participation in the war, these arguments served only to buttress Chrétien’s initial negative reaction and his desire to work within the United Nations.

Camaraderie, Morale and Material Culture: Reflections on the Nose Art of No.6 Group Royal Canadian Air Force

Caitlin McWilliams

Abstract: During the Second World War air and ground crews emblazoned the noses of their aircraft with colourful figures, sayings and insignia. This ritual personalized the machines and boosted morale. The squadrons of No.6 Group Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) embraced this practice and painted a wide-range of images and designs on their aircraft. This article combines photographs of the artwork with veterans’ memories to examine nose art’s significance to airmen, particularly in expressing national identity and links with hometowns and the many communities that “adopted” an overseas bomber squadron.

What was the point?: Raiding in the Summer of 1917
Geoffrey Jackson

Abstract: This article examines the effectiveness of raiding by the 4th Canadian Division in July and August 1917. The 4th Division carried out extensive raiding during this period, however, the raiding did not give the 4th Division any noticeable advantage when they attacked the city of Lens at the end of August. This paper concludes that raiding did not bring any benefit for the division.

Canadian War Museum / Musée canadien de la guerre

Canada’s Work for Wounded Soldiers on Film
Suzanne Evans

Abstract: “Canada’s Work for Wounded Soldiers” is a five-part film produced in 1918 by the Department of Soldiers Civil Re-establishment. As part of a multimedia propaganda campaign, it was designed to interest the public in the welfare of veterans and to inform wounded soldiers about the services available for their rehabilitation from hospital bed to employment. Unfortunately this apparently extraordinary series about a topic sadly still of importance – the treatment of wounded war veterans – cannot be found. This article pieces together the available evidence to tell the story of the films with the hope that one day they may be discovered.

Résumé : Canada’s Work for Wounded Soldiers est un documentaire en cinq parties, tourné en 1918 par le ministère du Rétablissement civil des soldats. Produit dans le cadre d’une campagne de propagande multimédia, le film était destiné à sensibiliser le public au bien-être des anciens combattants et à informer les soldats blessés sur les services de réhabilitation mis à leur disposition pour leur faciliter le retour sur le marché du travail. Malheureusement,  ce documentaire, apparemment fascinant, sur un sujet important et tristement encore d’actualité  – les soins apportés aux anciens combattants blessés – n’a pu être retrouvé. L’article réunit tous les éléments permettant de révéler le contenu du film dans l’espoir qu’un jour on puisse le découvrir.

Donald Kenneth Anderson: Official War Artist (1920-2009)
Hugh Halliday

Abstract: In the early 1980s, Hugh Halliday, a former Curator of War Art at the Canadian War Museum, wrote an extensive account on Donald Anderson’s wartime career. It was based on research he uncovered following correspondence and conversations with the artist, whom he had recently located. The article was never published and exists in typewritten and hand-edited form in the Canadian War Museum’s (CWM) artist file for Anderson.1 The edits appear to be in response to Anderson’s own comments on the piece. This document forms the substance of this obituary for Canada’s last surviving Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) official Second World War artist.

Résumé : Au début des années 1980, Hugh Halliday, ancien conservateur d’art au Musée canadien de la guerre, rédigea un imposant compte-rendu des années de guerre de la carrière de Donald Anderson. Son essai s’appuyait sur la correspondance de l’artiste demeurée inédite et des entrevues qu’il avait eues avec lui et qu’il vient de retracer. Il n’a jamais été publié : il se trouve, sous forme manuscrite et en version dactylographiée, dans le dossier d’Anderson conservé au MCG.1 Les annotations composent la substance de l’article nécrologique sur le dernier survivant des peintres de guerre membres de l’Aviation royale du Canada durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale.

Features

A Loyalist’s War: Private Lewis Fisher in the American Revolution, 1775-1783
Robert C. Fisher

Abstract: Canadians celebrate the loyalists as pioneers and founding fathers, but have neglected the formative impact of their military experience. This article attempts to reconstruct the wartime experience of Lewis Fisher, a loyalist private in the 4th Battalion of the New Jersey Volunteers. No diaries or letters survive in his own hand, but from rare and disparate sources a portrait emerges of bloody battles, night raids, camp life, capture and imprisonment in hideous conditions, defeat and expulsion. Lewis Fisher’s war was long and hard, and ended in exile in the New Brunswick wilderness. Seven years of war shaped his world-view and through him, and other loyalists, the new nation rising in the north.

The Problem of Religion in Canadian Forces Postings: Liebmann vs the Minister of National Defence et al.
J.L. Granatstein

This paper was written in March 1998 as a brief to support the plaintiff in a case against the Minister and Department of National Defence. I appeared as a witness and spoke to this brief, prepared using secondary sources and documents provided by the Department of Justice, the government’s lawyers, to Lieutenant (Navy) Andrew Liebmann’s counsel. Unfortunately, the judicial decision went against Liebmann.

Admiral Kingsmill and the Early Years of the Royal Canadian Navy – Part III
Roger Sarty

Following is the fourth document in a series assembled to support the creation of a plaque in honour of Admiral Kingsmill by the Ontario Heritage Trust. The plaque is located at his burial place, Emmanuel Anglican Church Cemetery, Portland, Ontario, near the location of Kingsmill’s summer home on Grindstone Island, and was unveiled in a ceremony on 15 May 2010. Part I of this series appears in Vol.19 no.1 (Winter 2010), pp.75-80 and part II in Vol.19 no.2 (Spring 2010), pp.76-80.



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