Front Cover - Summer 2013Canadian Military History
Summer 2013 – Volume 22, Number 3
Special Edition – The Sicily Campaign

 

Introduction

 

“The Eyes of All Fixed on Sicily”: Canada’s Unexpected Victory, 1943
Lee Windsor

Abstract: Canada’s role in the Battle for Sicily is usually overshadowed by Anglo-American tensions and German assertions that they were the real victors. The green 1st Canadian Division was supposed to play a supporting role alongside veteran British and American formations, but found themselves at the center of events. Canada’s contingent destroyed elements of every major Axis formation on the island and contributed significantly to the Allied capture of Sicily which broke Fascist power in Rome.

 

“To bury the dead and to feed the living”: Allied Military Government in Sicily, 1943
Cindy Brown

Abstract: This article examines the little-known Allied effort to provide for the needs of the Sicilian civilian population during Operation Husky. Allied Military Government (AMG) was created in January 1943 to support the strategic aim of knocking Italy out of the war by creating and maintaining a benevolent atmosphere on the island. The duty of civil affairs officers was to relieve the fighting troops from the challenge of delivering humanitarian aid or dealing with a hostile population.  Despite some mishaps and missteps on the part of planners, civil affairs made a significant contribution to the success of Operation Husky.\

 

Sicily in Photos and Art: From the Collection of the Canadian War Museum

 

A Retrospective from Sicily’s Battlefields: The 2012 Canadian-American Battlefield Study Tour
Robert Engen

Abstract: Every year since 2006, the Gregg Centre and its partners have offered a unique study tour option for civilian graduate students, teachers, and Canadian and American army officers. The tour focuses on the sea, air, and ground campaign waged on the island of Sicily in July and August 1943 to force Italy’s surrender and defection from the Axis. Robert Engen was a participant on the 2012 tour and describes his impressions of the experience.

 

Husky’s Price: A Window on 21 Lives Lost in Sicily
Matthew Douglass, Alexander Fitzgerald-Black and Maryanne Lewell

Abstract: The 38-day campaign in Sicily resulted in 562 Canadian deaths: an average of 15 per day. This article considers the cost of the campaign by examining a cross section of those who died while fighting to liberate the island. The sample of 21 mini-biographies represents soldiers from across Canada lost by each military unit and corps that suffered fatal casualties in Sicily. These biographies animate the names depicted on a small number of the stones found in the Agira cemetery in Sicily, Italy. Although only a sample of the men who sacrificed everything in Operation Husky, these portraits acknowledge the sacrifice made by all.

 

“The Historical Triumph in Sicily”: The Artistic Legacy of William Ogilivie
Matt Symes

Abstract: The work of war artists allows the viewer to see and understand the extremity of war in a way that other mediums cannot. The work of Will Ogilvie is compelling in its depiction of Operation Husky. This article examines 12 of Ogilvie’s works to show the depth with which he understood the battle that was his subject in July and August 1943. This selection of paintings – from soldiers on transport vessels making their way to Sicily to depictions of bombed out civilians – supports many of the new conclusions about Canada’s experience in Sicily as expressed in this special issue.

 

In Their Words: Historical Traces of Operation Husky

Summary of “A” Squadron, 4th Canadian Reconnaissance Regiment (4th Princess Louise Dragoon Guards) Operations of 5 August, 1943; MEMO TO COMMANDING OFFICERS, Headquarters Royal Canadian Artillery, 1st Canadian Division, 31 July 1943; Text of President Roosevelt and Mr. Churchill’s message to the Italian people, Delivered 16th July 1943

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