1st Division reported several hundred casualties – killed, wounded, or missing – in the three day battle for the Moro River crossing and the capture of San Leonardo. The hardest hit was the Royal Canadian Regiment which attacked parallel to the German front line suffering 72 casualties of which 19 were fatal. Divisional intelligence estimated that the enemy’s 90th Division had lost two to three times as many men and both General Vokes and Brigadier Hoffmeister were confident that the next phase of the operation, the advance to “Cider” (the crossroad at the Ortona-Orsogna highway), would be sucessful on 10 December. The Loyal Edmonton Regiment (LER) with a squadron of tanks from the Calgary Regiment and a platoon of Saskatoon Light Infantry moved forward from San Leonardo. No one warned the battlegroups that a deep gully crossed the main axis of the advance 200 metres south of “Cider.” No one knew that the “Gully” was now a strongly defended enemy position.
- Book Review: “Backs to the Wall: The Battle of SainteFoy and the Conquest of Canada” by D. Peter MacLeod
- Book Review: The Fear of Invasion: Strategy, Politics, and British War Planning, 1880-1914 by David G. Morgan-Owen
- Book Review: Empire of Guns: The Violent Making of the Industrial Revolution by Priya Satia
- Announcement: Making the Best of It, Edited by Sarah Glassford and Amy Shaw, Published by UBC Press
- Is the Net Mightier than the Nuke?: Cyber Warfare, Nuclear Deterrence and Global Stability