“Enshrined in Golden Memories”: Eastern Ontario’s Commemoration of the North-West Resistance, 1885-1939
Abstract: This article explores how English Canadians in Eastern Ontario actively participated in commemorating the North-West Resistance by erecting war memorials, stained glass windows, and by writing commemorative poems. Using recent developments in memory studies and the “new imperial history,” this study compares the images and symbols presented in these commemorative acts with surviving textual records and ephemera to investigate how English Canadians perceived and remembered the rebellion. This study suggests that the colonization of Aboriginals did not end on the 1885 battlefields, but continued in the commemorative practices of Eastern Ontarians. English Canadians portrayed themselves as inherently “good” Christians that helped define Canada as a nation, and excluded Aboriginals from the commemorative process. In doing so, English Canadians aimed to better participate in the imperial culture of the British Empire.
Abstract: The disastrous Dieppe Raid of August 1942 has received a great deal of attention from historians since the end of the Second World War. This article examines the training given to officers of infantry units of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division using the Fusiliers Mont-Royal (FMR) as a case study. The article contends that the infantry officers were not ready, as their tactical training was impeded by the absence of a common doctrine, the lack of realism, and time constraints. FMR’s junior leadership therefore lacked speed, initiative, and instinct, all vital elements for an operation as risky as Operation Jubilee.
“An unusual voyage in far northern waters”: The Royal Canadian Navy’s first postwar forays into the Arctic, 1946-1950
Richard O. Mayne
« J’ai combattu le bon combat, j’ai achevé ma course, j’ai gardé la foi » : Récit de guerre d’un conscript néo-brunswickois, 1943-1945
Abstract: In May 1943, René Morin, a young francophone from New Brunswick, was recruited under the National Resources Mobilisation Act. After serving in Canada for over a year, he went overseas in January 1945 and was killed in battle in April. By retracing his experience, we reveal the effects of the Second World War on an individual, on a francophone community outside of Quebec, and we explore the national tensions generated by the mobilization laws.
Résumé : En mai 1943, René Morin, un jeune francophone du Nouveau-Brunswick, est mobilisé par la Loi sur la mobilisation des ressources nationales. Servant au Canada pendant plus d’un an, il traverse l’Atlantique en janvier 1945 et est tué au combat en avril. Retracer son parcours militaire nous confronte à l’impact de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale sur un individu, sur une communauté francophone hors Québec et aux tensions nationales provoquées par la mobilisation de la main-d’œuvre.
The Somalia Affair: The Oxford Companion to Canadian Military History
J.L. Granatstein and Dean F. Oliver
An RCAF Erk in England and North Africa, 1941-1945: The War Story of Leading Aircraftman Kenneth Frank Huntington
Abstract: Kenneth Frank Huntington (1921-2001) was a British-born Torontonian who answered the call of duty in the Second World War and served in the RCAF from 1941 to 1945. He was an aircraft maintenance technician, and from early 1943 until late 1945 was overseas servicing bombers in combat squadrons. The present account, by his grandson, draws on the diary he kept in 1943 (which includes his deployment to North Africa with No.424 Squadron, RCAF), correspondence with his wife, family and friends while he was overseas, and commentary he wrote later in life. His writings recorded not only his experiences, but reflections on military service, and the challenges of re-adjustment to civilian life after the war.
From Mars to Clio: A Personal Journey
Abstract: Bill McAndrew’s varied career saw him become a leader in both war and society studies and the practical application of those studies to military professionalism. After service as an officer in the Canadian Army, 1951-1963, that included duty in Korea, Germany, and Ghana, Bill, a high school dropout, studied at York University’s Glendon College (BA), and the University of British Columbia (PhD). He taught Canadian and US history at the University of Maine Orono, 1969-1975, where he earned tenure. Deciding to return to Canada, he accepted a position at the Directorate of History in Ottawa. He contributed to the official history of the RCAF, developed the battlefield studies programme for the Canadian Forces, and served as an historical advisor on leadership studies for the armed forces.